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Ranking and Research Trend : A Comparative Study of Research Output of Top Ten NIRF Ranked Engineering Institutions of India Based on Scientometric Indicators
The first decade of 21st century has witnessed an unprecedented increase of Higher Education Institutions (HEI) in India. In the first decade itself 19493 new colleges and 257 universities were established, bringing the total number of colleges and universities to 31,324 and 493 respectively by the end of 2009-2010 (UGC, 2010) as against 11831 colleges and 236 universities till the year 1999-2000 (UGC, 2000). This sudden surge in the number of institutions attracted many debate on the quality of higher education in the country. Apart from the mandatory accreditation of courses/institutions by government established bodies, in 2015 government of India instituted the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) to evaluate and judge the annual performance of HEIs through pre defined criteria. This paper reports a comparative study of the scientific publications of national ranked engineering institutions five years on both the sides of launching of NIRF. The study aims to check the trend of research and to find out the relationship between the ranking of institutions in terms of research output and the overall ranking as per NIRF. The study uses scientometric indicators to rank the engineering institutions based on research output and its impact. In order to calculate this, the data of scholarly output of the institutions under study and the citations received to these publications subsequently has been retrieved from WoS. The current study evaluates four primary aspects of research output i.e. productivity, research impact, funding to these research and international collaboration.