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The paper discusses the best practices adopted by the college libraries of the Karimganj District of the State of Assam in India. The best practices are a set of guidelines or ideas which aims to take the most efficient and effective course of action to fulfill the goals of the library. The present study adopted the best practices guidelines set by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) of India. The researcher adopted the survey method to study the present problem. The questionnaire was used as the principal tool for data collection. However, interview, gathering data from websites of respective colleges and browsing secondary literature like reports was also done. Careful analysis of data collected reveals that some of the colleges of Karimganj district had not been accredited by NAAC. Most of the colleges have best practices adopted in areas of automation, collection development and administration. However, in certain key areas these libraries are lacking in best practices like opening library to extended hours, library websites, Wi-Fi facility and availability of Web OPAC facility. There are several barriers to implement best practices that were identified in the study. The main barriers were lack of fund and insufficient trained staff.