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Education is among the sectors with devastating impact of COVID-19 pandemic. Before the pandemic, the Nigerian education system has adopted purely, face-to-face approached to teaching and learning in primary and secondary schools. Primary and secondary school learners were not allowed to own any digital gadget such as phone or computer, neither were they allowed to be seen with such in the schools. With the emergence of the lockdown condition and school closure, following the COVID-19 pandemic, both teachers and learners were helpless about how to continue learning in the face of the pandemic. This study investigated the challenges posed by, and the impacts of COVID-19 on Education in Nigeria. A sequential exploratory mixed method design was adopted for the study. Results showed that the challenges of education during the COVID-19 pandemic include school closure, poor learning, unequal access to education opportunities and poor skills. Further, the pandemic negatively impacts education, causing poor school enrollment, inequality in education, poor achievement, poor school health and challenges in school assessment and transition. It was concluded that COVID-19 has negatively affected education in Nigeria. Implications for practice policy and practice of electronic learning (e-learning) were discussed.