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The study examined mentoring and employee motivation as a determinant of job productivity of library personnel, given the increasing importance and need for library personnel in providing effective and efficient information service delivery. In this ever-changing need of library users, it is necessary to examine what determines the job productivity of library personnel. A survey design was adopted for this study. The total number of library personnel in the ten university libraries was one hundred and fourteen, which constitutes the respondents for the study. A total enumeration was adopted in the study as eighty-six library personnel were used as the sample size. A questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, simple percentages, and inferential statistics of regression with the use of the Software Package for Service Solution (SPSS) tested at a 0.05 level of significance. The finding showed that the job productivity level of the library personnel is of a significant rate of 79.1%, which implies that they are productive and also mentoring determines their job productivity at 65.1% while the extent of the motivation of the library personnel responds rate is 58.1%. Mentoring (Beta = .510, t= 7.537, P<0.05) and motivation (Beta = .259, t= 4.108, P<0.05) had relative influence on job productivity. The study concluded that mentoring and motivation are essential for the development of productive library personnel. This study recommends that universities should embolden motivational practices. Also, libraries should improve on their mentoring activities by encouraging the transfer of novel and long-standing skills to younger library personnel in the profession as a means of increasing their loyalty and increasing job productivity.