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The objective of this study is to investigate the factors influencing the use of electronic resources by undergraduate students in academic libraries in selected Universities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Data was collected from 352 undergraduate students, 51.42% females and 48.58% males, from three universities in Southwest Nigeria. Data was analysed using binary logistic regression to understand the odds that favour use or non-use of the resources. The model successfully distinguished between the types of electronic resources and use non-use of the e-resources, and only three of the ten variables namely e-books, reference books and reference database made unique statistically significant contribution to the model. Also, pleasure, currency of information and availability of help in the library predicted undergraduate use of e-resources in the libraries. On the question of constraints, selection of search terms was very significant in determining use of the resources. Library user education provided to students at entry into the university should find roles for students in higher levels of their study who could provide help to the undergraduate students. Also, such information literacy programmes should consider including information search and retrieval methods.