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The aim of conducting this study was to determine the challenges to the development of institutional repositories in academic libraries in universities in Nigeria. The researcher made use of descriptive survey research design. A total of 120 Systems Librarians from federal, state and private university libraries in Nigeria were sampled for the study with questionnaire as the instrument for data collection. The result of the study showed that at the moment, Nigerian universities are yet to take the issue of institutional repositories serious. The current level of institutional repository in Nigeria is very low. The result of this study also showed that the challenges to the development of institutional repositories include Low level of awareness on the part of management; lack of ICT personnel; inadequate ICT facilities; lack of ICT skills among workers; lack of fund as well as lack of interest on the part of librarians. Based on the result of the study, it is concluded that there is currently low level of use of institutional repositories in Nigeria. The researcher recommends, among others, that there is need to make adequate budgetary provision for the development of institutional repositories in Nigeria.
Keywords: Academic Libraries, Challenges, Development, ICTs, Institutional Repositories, E-libraries, Resource Sharing.