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The study investigated factors affecting librarians’ use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in federal colleges of education, Southwestern Nigeria. The participants included librarians and library officers and in terms of geographical scope, the study was limited to Federal College of Education (Sp), Oyo and Federal College of Education Osiele, Abeokuta all in Southwestern Nigeria. Descriptive survey design of a correlational type was employed. The study population comprised 43 library personnel in two selected colleges. Total enumeration technique was employed and self-constructed questionnaire was the instrument used to elicit data from the respondents. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation for the research questions while research hypotheses were tested using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation method. Findings of the study showed that various ICT facilities such as computers, printers, CD-ROM, the Internets, multi-media projectors, scanner sand among others were the most frequently used ICT facilities for research (( = 3.11), information sharing (( = 3.06), Accessing e-resources and databases (( = 2.84), e-mails ( = 2.69) and answering user queries (( = 2.61) while advertisement (( = 1.76), Marketing of library information products and services (( = 1.93), Selective dissemination of information (( = 2.11), among others were rated low. There was a weak, positive and significant relationship between availability of ICTs and effective service delivery by the library personnel in two federal colleges of education in Southwestern Nigeria (r = 0.116, N = 42, p < 0.05). The need for realization and adoption of ICT facilities relevant to the two colleges for service delivery was suggested among others. Provision of alternative power supply such as Inverter and Solar energy, high Internet bandwidth, continuous periodic training as ways of sustaining and supporting ICTs for library service delivery were recommended.