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Tertiary institution libraries have expanded the traditional library model, which focuses on the management of physical resources and activities, to include an online library model, which converts resources and services into digital formats to support teaching, learning, and research, as academic library functions and activities continue to evolve. This change has had an impact on professional roles and activities of both educators and students as a result of the increased skills required. The purpose of this research is to investigate the extent of online library skills among music educators and music students in Nigerian tertiary institutions. A study sample of 100 music educators and 200 music students in Nigerian tertiary institutions were recruited using a multi-stage sampling procedure for this purpose. A questionnaire was used to collect data, which was then analyzed using the mean, standard deviation, and t-test. The findings revealed that music educators and music students have moderate online library skills. The results showed that there is no significant difference in online library skills between male and female music educators (p=.240). The results also showed that there is no significant difference in online library skills between male and female music students (p= .495). Music educators and students are encouraged to improve their online library skills because it will help them in their professional and personal accomplishments; and school authorities should ensure that adequate and appropriate online library facilities are provided for use by students and educators.