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The goal of this study is to learn how postgraduate students in Nigeria's university libraries perceive and use serial resources. The study used a descriptive survey as its method. 295 postgraduate library and information science students from four South-East regional institutions two state universities and two federal universities make up the research population. The instrument used to collect the data was a questionnaire. Based on the study's goals, a questionnaire was created. The findings show that postgraduate students have a positive perception of the use of serial materials, which includes the following: serial materials carry current information on a variety of subject areas; they are essential for researchers and students; serial contains the facts and figures needed for research; serial materials present reports of current research findings more quickly than any other publication; and serial materials represent various author's ideals on a variety of subjects. The results also showed that journals, project work, and thesis were the main serials materials most frequently used. The results also showed that the following challenges were encountered: a lack of borrowing facilities or journals in my area; poor searching abilities; an unstable power supply; a lack of resources; an inconvenient opening; outdated information serials resources; a lack of manpower to effectively handle customer requests; and periodicals that are not appropriate. The findings also suggested measures for overcoming the challenges faced by the serial unit, including increased funding for the library acquisition of sufficient, up-to-date serials resources and a rise in subscription rates.