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It is admitted that to make overall development of any citizen rural and urban areas are to be given equal importance and sometimes rural areas may be given more emphasize than urban areas to confirm all wide development. Gurudeva Rabidranath Tagore was one of the pioneers who have given enough attention for the rural communities and to materialise his dream of rural reconstruction he has introduced several project for the welfare of the rural people. To reach the village people and also to eradicate the illiteracy he introduced ‘CHALANTIKA’ library which was meant for the dissemination of library services to the nearest village people. At present, there are total 38 village libraries are existed but 34 are in functioning conditions which was managed and controlled by the Rural Extension Centre (REC), Visva-Bharati and jointly funded by Visva-Bharati and Raja Rammohan Roy Library Foundation (Kolkata). In the present electronic information era, these village libraries are under great challenges with the competition of different electronic Medias. But, both the authority Visva-Bharati and RRRLF are trying their level best to meet the challenges with the help of cordial and active support by the REC, Visva-Bhaarti. In view of the above the present paper is an attempt to explore the genesis and growth of rural library services as introduced by Gurudeva Rabindranath Tagore.