Department of Management


Date of this Version



Published in The International Journal of Human Resource Management 19:5 (May 2008), pp. 818–827; doi:10.1080/09585190801991194


Copyright © 2008 Taylor & Francis. Used by permission


As China continues its unprecedented economic growth and emergence as a world power, new solutions must be forthcoming to meet the accompanying challenges. We propose a positive approach to Chinese HRM that recognizes, develops and manages the psychological capital (PsyCap) of workers. After providing a brief overview of hope, efficacy, optimism, resilience and overall PsyCap in today’s Chinese context, the results of a follow-up study provide further evidence that the PsyCap of Chinese workers is related to their performance. The implications that this evidencebased value of Chinese workers’ psychological capital has for China now and into the future concludes this study.