Date of this Version
MANTER: Journal of Parasite Biodiversity (ISSN 2470-8224) Occasional Papers, Number 14, September 30, 2020. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/manter/14
Steganoderma eamiqtrema n. sp. and a single unidentified specimen of Steganoderma Stafford, 1904 (Zoogonidae: Lepidophyllinae) obtained from the intestine of the greenstriped rockfish, Sebastes elongatus Ayres, 1859, and the flag rockfish, Sebastes rubrivinctus (Jordan and Gilbert, 1880) (Scorpaeniformes: Sebastidae), collected from 190–200 m depths off Oregon, USA, are described. The new species is distinguished from its seven other congeners by a diagnostic combination of morphological features including an elongate oval to spindle-shaped body, a clavate to comma-shaped cirrus pouch located in the forebody and hindbody, a bipartite seminal vesicle, a bifurcal or just post-bifurcal genital pore, a larger ventral than oral sucker, and a smooth testes and ovary with a relatively small distance between them. We present an updated key to the eight species now in Steganoderma and provide a list of parasites known from Se. elongatus and Se. rubrivinctus. The discovery of S. eamiqtrema in Se. elongatus represents the second species of zoogonid known from this host, and the finding of Steganoderma sp. in Se. rubrivinctus represents the first report of a digenean from this host species. A detailed discussion also is given of the type species, S. formosum Stafford, 1904, and questions are raised as to whether this species has a worldwide distribution and infects such a wide variety of fish hosts. We present evidence including variation we observed in redescriptions of the type species, query the implausible idea that there could be gene flow between conspecific helminths geographically separated in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans over such a vast geological period, and offer the possibility that some prior reports of S. formosum may, indeed, be S. eamiqtrema; all of which suggests S. formosum sensu lato may be part of a species complex and not the same worldwide species. Steganoderma is represented in the deep sea by S. eamiqtrema, S. formosum, and Steganoderma sp., and limited speculation is given as to the host specificity of this genus and life history strategies of the new species in deeper waters. Finally, molecular studies of species of Steganoderma are sorely needed (i.e., there is no DNA sequence data currently available in GenBank for any species of this genus), and we suspect that with further molecular, morphological, and life history work, this genus will be taxonomically divided up.