Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Department of


Document Type


Date of this Version



ACS Omega 2024, 9, 9765−9781.


Used by permission.


Copper−cystine-based high aspect ratio structures (CuHARS) possess exceptional physical and chemical properties and exhibit remarkable biodegradability in human physiological conditions. Extensive testing has confirmed the biocompatibility and biodegradability of CuHARS under diverse biological conditions, making them a viable source of essential Cu2+. These ions are vital for catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from the decomposition of Snitrosothiols (RSNOs) found in human blood. The ability of CuHARS to act as a Cu2+ donor under specific concentrations has been demonstrated in this study, resulting in the generation of elevated levels of NO. Consequently, this dual function makes CuHARS effective as both a bactericidal agent and a promoter of angiogenesis. In vitro experiments have shown that CuHARS actively promotes the migration and formation of complete lumens by redirecting microvascular endothelial cells. To maximize the benefits of CuHARS, they have been incorporated into biomimetic electrospun poly(ε- caprolactone)/gelatin nanofiber aerogels. Through the regulated release of Cu2+ and NO production, these channeled aerogels not only provide antibacterial support but also promote angiogenesis. Taken together, the inclusion of CuHARS in biomimetic scaffolds could hold great promise in revolutionizing tissue regeneration and wound healing.