Wildlife Disease and Zoonotics

 

Authors

Colleen S. Bruning-Fann, Veterinary Services, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, East Lansing, Michigan
Stephen M. Schmitt, Wildlife Disease Laboratory, Rose Lake Wildlife Research Station, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, East Lansing, Michigan
Scott D. Fitzgerald, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Jean S. Fierke, Wildlife Disease Laboratory, Rose Lake Wildlife Research Station, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, East Lansing, Michigan
Paul D. Friedrich, Wildlife Disease Laboratory, Rose Lake Wildlife Research Station, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, East Lansing, Michigan
John B. Kaneene, Population Medicine Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Kathy A. Clarke, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Kelly L. Butler, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Janet B. Payeur, National Veterinary Services Laboratories, United States Department of Agriculture, Ames, Iowa
Diana L. Whipple, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Ames, IowaFollow
Thomas M. Cooley, Wildlife Disease Laboratory, Rose Lake Wildlife Research Station, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, East Lansing, Michigan
Janice M. Miller, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Ames, Iowa
Darian P. Muzo, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan

Date of this Version

2001

Comments

Published in Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 37(1), 2001, pp. 58–64.

Abstract

During a survey of carnivores and omnivores for bovine tuberculosis conducted in Michigan (USA) since 1996, Mycobacterium bovis was cultured from lymph nodes pooled from six coyotes (Canis latrans) (four adult female, two adult male), two adult male raccoons (Procyon lotor), one adult male red fox (Vulpes vulpes), and one 1.5-yr-old male black bear (Ursus americanus). One adult, male bobcat (Felis rufus) with histologic lesions suggestive of tuberculosis was negative on culture but positive for organisms belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex when tested by polymerase chain reaction. All the tuberculous animals were taken from three adjoining counties where M. bovis is known to be endemic in the free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) population. There were two coyotes, one raccoon, one red fox, and one bobcat infected in Alpena county. Montmorency County had two coyotes and one raccoon with M. bovis. Two coyotes and a bear were infected from Alcona County. These free-ranging carnivores/omnivores probably became infected with M. bovis through consumption of tuberculous deer. Other species included in the survey were opossum (Didelphis virginiana), gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), and badger (Taxidea taxus); these were negative for M. bovis.

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