Research in corrections is no longer something done sporadically. Professional research staffs are now permanent parts of most major correctional organizations and correctional research has become routinized. A good deal of this change can be attributed to the demands of state legislators and other budget-controlling bodies for evidence of payoff in the programs they are asked to support. There are three crucial questions concerning this expansion: (1) Where is the manpower coming from? Who will do the innovating, data collecting, evaluating, and monitoring necessary for effective research? (2) Who will determine what program innovations should be studied? and (3) How will we get correctional staff and their clients, the inmates, to use research findings to bring about meaningful program change? These three questions can be treated as highly interrelated. A simultaneous solution for the three problems lies in the notion of participation of staff and inmates in research efforts.

I. An Example

II. Models of Participation … A. The Client as Subject-Researcher … B. The Client as Data Processor … C. Program Development Assistants … D. Systematic Self-Study

III. Public Opinion and Social Policy

IV. Corrections as a Laboratory for Social Change