Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version

March 1994


Published by American Physical Society. Copyright 1994. Permission to use. Phys. Rev. B 49 (1994) 7734–7738.


The unoccupied surface electronic structure of Gd(0001) was investigated with high-resolution inverse-photoemission spectroscopy. An empty surface state near EF is observed at Γ¯. Two other surface-sensitive features are also revealed at 1.2 and 3.1 eV above the Fermi level. Hydrogen adsorption on Gd surfaces was used to distinguish the surface-sensitive features from the bulk features. The unoccupied bulk-band critical points are determined to be Γ3- at 1.9 eV and A1 at 0.8 eV.

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