Department of Physics and Astronomy: Publications and Other Research


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The first measurements of the Fourier coefficients (V) of the azimuthal distributions of charged hadrons emitted from photon-proton (γp) interactions are presented. The data are extracted from 68.8nb−1of ultra-peripheral proton-lead (pPb) collisions at √sNN=8.16 TeVusing the CMS detector. The high energy lead ions produce a flux of photons that can interact with the oncoming proton. This γp system provides a set of unique initial conditions with multiplicity lower than in photon-lead collisions but comparable to recent electron-positron and electron-proton data. The V coefficients are presented in ranges of event multiplicity and transverse momentum (pT) and are compared to corresponding hadronic minimum bias pPb results. For a given multiplicity range, the mean pT of charged particles is smaller in γp than in pPb collisions. For both the γp and pPb samples, V is negative, V is positive, and V consistent with 0. For each multiplicity and pT range, V is larger for γp events. The γp data are consistent with model predictions that have no collective effects.

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