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Physics is a fundamental science dealing with matter and energy. By convention, the subject matter of physics has been divided into such topics as mechanics, heat, sound, light, and electricity. In addition to these general classifications, present-day physics includes atomic physics, nuclear physics, solid-state physics, chemical physics, biophysics, and many other subdivisions. It is impossible to include all aspects of physics in a single definition or paragraph, and to distinguish physics clearly from its nearest neighbors, the other physical sciences-astronomy., chemistry, and geology.