Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


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Published in Physics, by Henry Semat and Robert Katz, New York: Rinehart & Company, Inc., 1958. Copyright © 1958 Henry Semat and Robert Katz. All rights reserved. Used by permission.


Atomic and nuclear physics are essentially twentieth-century developments, although these had their origins at the close of the nineteenth century. These developments followed two parallel streams, as shown in Figure 44-1, one dealing with the electronic structure of the atom and the other dealing with its nuclear structure. These two streams served to feed each other and were fed by all other branches of physics, but only a few of the more important contributions concerning the nature of radiation, matter, and energy are shown in the figure.

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