Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version

April 1999


Published by American Institute of Physics. J. Applied Physics 85, 5375-5377 (1999). ©1999 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use.


Reductive chemical synthesis is a versatile tool for fabricating elemental nanostructures; however, less work has been completed on understanding and controlling alloy formation. Magnetic Mg–Co and Mg–Co–C nanocomposites have been fabricated using a reductive chemical synthesis designed to produce highly active metals. The as-synthesized powder was annealed at temperatures from 150 to 650 °C. Samples were investigated using x-ray diffraction, alternating gradient force magnetometry, and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry. X-ray diffraction indicates that the resulting structures are multiphase with MgCo2, MgCo3C0. 5, fcc Co, Mg, MgO, and Li2CO3 present depending on annealing temperature. The temperature-dependent magnetization of the as-synthesized sample indicates ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic contributions. Increases in coercivity and remanance ratio with increasing annealing temperature are consistent with the formation and growth of small Co grains.

Included in

Physics Commons