Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy
High-temperature ferromagnetism in pulsed-laser deposited epitaxial (Zn,Mn)O thin films: Effects of substrate temperature
Date of this Version
We report on the observation of remarkable room-temperature ferromagnetism in epitaxial (Zn,Mn)O films grown by a pulsed-laser deposition technique using high-density targets. The optimum growth conditions were demonstrated from x-ray measurements, microstructure, Rutherford backscattering, micro-Raman, and magnetic studies. Superior ferromagnetic properties were observed in (Zn,Mn)O films grown at a substrate temperature of 500 °C and with an oxygen partial pressure of 1 mTorr. Ferromagnetism becomes weaker with increasing substrate temperature due to the formation of isolated Mn clusters irrespective of higher crystalline quality of the film.
Published by American Institute of Physics. Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 152511 (2005). ©2005 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use. http://apl.aip.org/jap/.