Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version



PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, (2012) 020407(R). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.020407


Copyright © 2012 American Physical Society. Used by Permission.


Ferromagnetism and superconductivity are, in most cases, adverse. However, recent experiments reveal that they coexist at interfaces of LaAlO3 and SrTiO3. We analyze the magnetic state within density functional theory and provide evidence that magnetism is not an intrinsic property of the two-dimensional electron liquid at the interface. We demonstrate that the robust ferromagnetic state is induced by the oxygen vacancies in SrTiO3 or in the LaAlO3 layer. This allows for the notion that areas with increased density of oxygen vacancies produce ferromagnetic puddles and account for the previous observation of a superparamagnetic behavior in the superconducting state.