Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version



Published in Physics Letters A 347:1–3 (14 November 2005), pp. 121–132; Einstein Special Issue—Special Issue in celebration of this year’s World of Physics and the centenary of Einstein’s annus mirabilis. DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2005.09.005


Copyright © 2005 Elsevier B.V. Used by permission.


The seminal contributions made by Einstein a century ago have enabled a new frontier area of science, called high-field science. This research involves the physics of the interactions of matter with electromagnetic fields at its highest levels ever achieved in the laboratory. Besides being of fundamental importance to physics research, the discoveries being made in this area are also leading to a new generation of compact and ultrashort-duration particle accelerators and X-ray light sources, with applications ranging from nuclear fusion to cancer therapy.