Psychology, Department of


Document Type


Date of this Version



Assessment for Effective Intervention 37:4 (2012), pp. 203– 211; doi: 10.1177/1534508411433499


Copyright © 2012 Hammill Institute on Disabilities; published by Sage Publications . Used by permission.


The Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale (PreBERS) is a standardized, norm-referenced instrument that assesses emotional and behavioral strengths of preschool children. This study investigated whether the PreBERS four-factor structure (i.e., emotional regulation, school readiness, social confidence, and family involvement) could be replicated with an early childhood special education (ECSE) sample of children. Teachers who participated in the study rated a total of 1,103 preschool children with disabilities. Confirmatory factor analysis determined the extent to which the ECSE data fit the original four-factor PreBERS structure identified with the national normative sample. Results indicated that the four-factor structure demonstrated an acceptable fit with the ECSE sample.