Date of this Version
The purpose of this study is to construct and validate an instrument to measure motivation for vocabulary learning, opening the door to more studies on motivation for vocabulary learning in reading and listening. In the new 34-item questionnaire: Motivation for Vocabulary Learning Questionnaire (MVLQ), eleven subscales were examined within two motivational constructs, namely, self-efficacy and attitude. Participants in this study were 121 traditional undergraduate students from a Midwestern research university. Students responded to two self-report questionnaires: the Motivation for Vocabulary Learning Questionnaire (MVLQ), and the Motivation for Reading Questionnaire (MRQ) (Wigfield & Guthrie,1997). The results suggested that MVLQ had good reliability and validity. Self-efficacy for vocabulary learning in reading was higher than that in listening. No difference in motivation for vocabulary learning was found between reading for leisure and academic goals. English native speakers had higher motivation for vocabulary learning than English language learners. Significant differences were found for students from different majors (grouped into colleges), while no difference was found for students with different genders and average GPAs.