Nebraska Academy of Sciences


Date of this Version


Document Type



Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences (2013) 33, 1–6


Copyright (c) 2013 Keith D. Koupal, Brian C. Peterson, and Casey W. Schoenebeck


Fisheries managers applied rotenone to Mormon Island West in August of 2010 to renovate a fish community that was hypothesized to be unbalanced (i.e., dominated with gizzard shad and common carp) based on standardized survey results. We estimated species-specific biomass following the lake renovation to provide a baseline biomass estimate for a sand pit lake and to evaluate the effectiveness of standardized sampling gears. Gizzard shad (Dorosoma cepedianum) were abundant in all sampling gears, but mostly stock-size (>175 mm total length) and larger individuals were caught in gill and trap nets and sub-stock (≤175 mm total length) individuals were caught with boat electrofishing. The abundance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) found after rotenone application was better represented from boat electrofishing sampling than gill nets. The total biomass found in Mormon Island West at the time of lake renovation was 982.1 kg/ha with 90% of that biomass composed of gizzard shad and common carp. The priority management species of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) comprised only 3% of the total biomass. Overall, this lake appears to have been a good candidate for a rotenone treatment as other management approaches were not likely to correct the existing imbalances.