Date of this Version
Poster presentation, UCARE Research Symposium, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Spring 2020.
• In a survey of college students, over 90% reported having witnessed a risky sexual event, while only 50% said they intervened (Witte et al., 2017).
• The classic bystander intervention model describes five steps to successful intervention: notice the event, interpret the event as an emergency that requires assistance, accept responsibility for intervening, know how to intervene, and implement the intervention (Jenkins & Nickerson, 2017).
• In contrast to successful intervention, little research has been done to examine the extent in which certain barriers prevent bystander intervention (Burn, 2009).
• In addition, previous research has shown that gender is a reliable predictor of bystander behaviors throughout each step of the bystander intervention model. Specifically, men are less likely to intervene than women in a bystander scenario, as women are more likely to assume the role of a defender (Jenkins & Nickerson, 2017).
• In support, McMahon (2010) found that women reported significantly higher positive bystander attitudes as compared to men in a sample of university athletes. This pattern of results was also found in women pledging sororities compared to men pledging fraternities (McMahon, 2010).
• Taken together, we hypothesize that increased barriers to bystander intervention will predict decreased bystander behavior, less positive attitudes toward bystander intervention, and diminished confidence in one’s ability to intervene.
• Further, we predict that these associations will be more pronounced in men than in women.