U.S. Department of Agriculture: Agricultural Research Service, Lincoln, Nebraska


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Produced by The Wildlife Society in partnership with NRCS and FSA (2007). Online at: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/TECHNICAL/nri/ceap/fwresponse.html


A literature review of commonly applied cropland soil and water conservation practices and their impact on fish and wildlife habitat is presented. Agriculture has had the most extensive effect on wildlife habitat of any human-induced factor in the United States. Any practice that improves runoff water quality and/or reduces sediment delivery will have beneficial effects to aquatic ecosystems. Many soil and water conservation practices have additional benefits to wildlife when applied in a habitat-friendly manner, but may have little or no benefit when applied otherwise. Wildlife and agriculture can coexist if land is managed to conserve sufficient biological integrity in the form of plant communities and habitat elements compatible with the surrounding landscape.