US Fish & Wildlife Service
Date of this Version
Cooper, T.R., K. Parker, and R.D. Rau. 2008. American woodcock population status, 2008. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Laurel, Maryland. 15 pp.
Singing-ground Survey data for 2008 indicated that the numbers of displaying American woodcock (Scolopax minor) in the Central Region declined 9.2 % from 2007; however, the Eastern Region was unchanged. There was no significant 10-year trend for woodcock heard in the Eastern Region during 1998-2008, while there was a significant decline in the Central Region. This represents the fifth consecutive year that the 10-year trend estimate did not indicate a significant decline in the Eastern Region, while it marks the first time since 2003 that the Central Region has had a declining 10-year trend. There were long-term (1968-08) declines of -1.2 % per year in the Eastern Region and -1.1 % per year in the Central Region. The 2007 recruitment index for the U.S. portion of the Eastern Region (1.6 immatures per adult female) was 4.2 % greater than the 2006 index and 3.6 % lower than the long-term regional index. The 2007 recruitment index for the U.S. portion of the Central Region (1.5 immatures per adult female) was 9.7 % lower than the 2006 index and was 7.6 % lower than the long-term regional index. The Harvest Information Program indicated that U.S. woodcock hunters in the Eastern Region spent 144,979 days afield and harvested 75,882 woodcock during the 2007-08 season, while in the Central Region, hunters spent 358,480 days afield and harvested nearly 214,162 woodcock.