Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Department of



ORCID Matthew M. Hille

Document Type


Date of this Version



Published in Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2023

DOI: 10.1177/10406387231182984


Copyright © 2023 Matthew M. Hille, Scott A. Fritz, and Breanna C. Brown. Published by SAGE Publications. Used by permission.


Over a period of ~2 wk, 5 adult beef cows developed severe necrotizing skin lesions on the face and neck shortly after being moved to a field with a cover crop of Brassica spp. turnips. We describe here the clinical signs, hematology, and serum chemistry results, as well as gross and histopathologic findings, from this outbreak. We made a presumptive diagnosis of Brassica-associated liver disease (BALD) based on the similarities in the history and diagnostic findings observed with previously reported cases of BALD from elsewhere in the world. BALD has not been reported previously in cattle in North America, to our knowledge, despite the increasing usage of cover crops to improve soil conditions and provide forage for livestock. After the presumptive diagnosis of BALD was made, the cattle were removed from the turnip field and no additional cases were noted by the producer. BALD is well known in other parts of the world, and veterinarians and diagnosticians should be aware of this condition given that the usage of cover crops is likely to continue to increase.