Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Department of


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Lewis, G.L.; Fenton, R.J.; Moriyama, E.N.; Loy, J.D.; Moxley, R.A. Association of ISVsa3 with Multidrug Resistance in Salmonella enterica Isolates from Cattle (Bos taurus). Microorganisms 2023, 11, 631. microorganisms11030631


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Salmonella enterica is, globally, an important cause of human illness with beef being a significant attributable source. In the human patient, systemic Salmonella infection requires antibiotic therapy, and when strains are multidrug resistant (MDR), no effective treatment may be available. MDR in bacteria is often associated with the presence of mobile genetic elements (MGE) that mediate horizontal spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes. In this study, we sought to determine the potential relationship of MDR in bovine Salmonella isolates with MGE. The present study involved 111 bovine Salmonella isolates obtained collectively from specimens derived from healthy cattle or their environments at Midwestern U.S. feedyards (2000–2001, n = 19), or specimens from sick cattle submitted to the Nebraska Veterinary Diagnostic Center (2010–2020, n = 92). Phenotypically, 33/111 isolates (29.7%) were MDR (resistant to ≥3 drug classes). Based on whole-genome sequencing (WGS; n = 41) and PCR (n = 111), a MDR phenotype was strongly associated (OR = 186; p < 0.0001) with carriage of ISVsa3, an IS91-like Family transposase. In all 41 isolates analyzed by WGS ((31 MDR and 10 non-MDR (resistant to 0–2 antibiotic classes)), MDR genes were associated with carriage of ISVsa3, most often on an IncC type plasmid carrying blaCMY-2. The typical arrangement was floR, tet(A), aph(6)-Id, aph(3”)-Ib, and sul2 flanked by ISVsa3. These results suggest that AMR genes in MDR S. enterica isolates of cattle are frequently associated with ISVsa3 and carried on IncC plasmids. Further research is needed to better understand the role of ISVsa3 in dissemination of MDR Salmonella strains.