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Published in Water Environment Research, Volume 78, Number 10, pp. 1017-1053. Copyright © 2006 Water Environment Federation. Used by permission.


This review summarizes peer-reviewed literature related to analysis, occurrence, and fate of emerging chemical contaminants in the water environment. The review focuses on the following broad categories of emerging contaminants: pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs); endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), including hormones, surfactants, and plasticizers; and brominated flame retardants (BFRs). Although many of the cited articles refer to multiple types of contaminants (particularly hormones and pharmaceuticals), each article is summarized in only one section. Articles pertaining to specific treatment methods, risk assessments, or biological effects are not included in this review, and articles covering disinfection byproducts (DBPs), fluorinated compounds, and organometallics are not reviewed as in past years. Because of the ever-increasing volume and scope of literature pertaining to emerging contaminants, this review should not be considered to be comprehensive; however, a broad range of literature that is relevant to environmental engineers and scientists is summarized.