Anthropology, Department of


Date of this Version

October 1973


Published in Science, New Series, Vol. 182, No. 4109, (October 19, 1973), pp. 301–303. Copyright © 1973 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Used by permission.


Highly crowded living conditions exist among the !Kung Bushmen, hunter-gatherers who live on the edges of the Kalahari Desert in Botswana and South-West Africa. The !Kung appear to be crowded by choice, and biological indicators of stress are absent. Data indicate that residential crowding alone does not produce symptoms of pathological stress.

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