Biological Systems Engineering

 

Date of this Version

7-1978

Citation

WELLS AND PONDS, BULLETIN NO. 758

Abstract

FARM WELLS IN WASHINGTON COUNTY ...................... 1

Study Area Description ................................. 4

Field and laboratory Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Soil and Groundwater Measurements ...................... 10

Well Water Measurements ............................... 15

Summary ............................................ 17

PONDS IN WASHINGTON AND POPE COUNTIES ................. 17

Ponds in Washington County ............................ 17

Ponds and a Lake in Pope County ......................... 25

Summary ............................................ 30

Bibliography ............................................. 31

Appendix ............................................... 34

This bulletin is one of six publications growing out of a four-and a- half-year study of nitrogen as an environmental quality factor. Although the study, including publication costs, was supported principally by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, the effort was initiated through a grant from the Illinois Agricultural Association. This phase of the study was supported through staff assistance provided by a number of state agencies but in particular by the Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station and the Illinois State Water Survey.

Three other bulletins in the series have been published: "Nitrates, Nitrites, and Health," Bulletin 750; "Environmental Decision Making: The Role of Community Leaders," Bulletin 756; and "Economic Effects of Controls on Nitrogen Fertilizer," Bulletin 757. One final bulletin will deal with the management of nitrogen in crop production. A book on nitrogen in relation to food, environment, and energy is also being prepared as part of the series.

E. C. Dickey is a graduate assistant and W. D. Lembke is a professor in the Department of Agricultural Engineering, College of Agriculture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

The authors wish to thank the following people: C. D. Baker, research associate, M. D. Stone, research assistant, and E. C. Doyle, consultant, for their research contributions; L. E. Arnold, associate forester at the Dixon Springs Agricultural Center, and W. H. Walker, formerly with the Illinois State Water Survey; T. R. Peck, professor of soil chemistry, for his help with data analysis; B. Commoner, G. Shearer, and D. Kohl, with the Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, for conducting the delta 15N tests and for offering valuable suggestions; W. D. Smith, Extension adviser in Washington County; and 0. Pannier, L. Groennert, and several other farmers who, with their families, encouraged us and allowed us to conduct research on their property.