Published Research - Department of Chemistry

 

Date of this Version

January 2008

Comments

Published in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (2008). Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. Used by permission. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09680896

Abstract

A series of synthetic molecules combining a geranyl backbone with a heterocyclic or oxime head group are quorum-sensing molecules that block the yeast to mycelium transition in the dimorphic fungus Candida albicans. A number of the analogs have an IC50 ≤ 10 μM, a level of potency essentially identical to the natural quorum sensing signal, the sesquiterpene farnesol. Two of the most potent analogs, neither toxic toward healthy mice, display remarkably different effects when co-administered with C. albicans. While neither offers protection from candidiasis, one analog mimics farnesol in acting as a virulence factor, whereas the other has no effect. The results offer the first example of highly potent synthetic fungal quorum-sensing molecules, and provide the first evidence for the ability to decouple quorum sensing and virulence.

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