Published Research - Department of Chemistry

 

Date of this Version

February 2001

Comments

Published by American Institute of Physics. J. Chem. Physics VOLUME 114, NUMBER 1, 1 JANUARY 2001. ©2001 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use. http://jcp.aip.org/.

Abstract

In the framework of modified mean-field density-functional theory, effects of a uniform electric field on the interfacial properties of a model dipolar fluid [Teixeira and Telo da Gama, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 3, 111 (1991)] are studied. Both density and orientational order-parameter profiles of the planar vapor-liquid interface are obtained as a function of the field strength. For the dipolar fluids with reduced dipole moment μ0*<1, we find that the field (under the condition μ 0*E*/T*!1) can shift the surface tension by few percent. We also find that the electric field actually reduces the thermodynamical surface tension but enhances the mechanical surface tension at the equimolar dividing surface. To detect these field effects on the surface tension we estimate the field strength which can be as high as 108 V/m.

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