Date of this Version
We present a task model for adaptive real-time tasks in which a task’s execution rate requirements are allowed to change at any time. The model, variable rate execution (VRE), is an extension of the rate-based execution (RBE) model. We relax the constant execution rate assumption of canonical realtime task models by allowing both the worst case execution time (WCET) and the period to be variable. The VRE model also supports tasks joining and leaving the system at any time. Another advantage of the new task model is that the exact execution rate need not be known for soft real-time or nonrealtime applications; instead, an approximate execution rate can be assigned to an application and then dynamically adjusted during runtime. A schedulability condition for the VRE task model is presented that can be used as an on-line admission control test for the acceptance of new tasks or rate changes. Finally, a VRE scheduler was implemented in Linux as a loadable module, and several experiments demonstrate its correctness and analyze the overhead.