Computer Science and Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



Technical Report TR-UNL-CSE-2008-0002, Department of Computer Sci. & Engg., University of Nebraska – Lincoln, USA, February 2008.


Many wireless sensor network (WSN) transport protocols proposed in recent studies focus on providing end-to- end reliability as in TCP. However, traditional end-to-end reliability is energy and time consuming for common loss tolerant applications in WSNs. In this paper, we propose a Loss Tolerant Reliable (LTR) data transport mechanism for dynamic Event Sensing (LTRES) in WSNs. In LTRES, a reliable event sensing requirement at the transport layer is dynamically determined by the sink. A distributed source rate adaptation mechanism is designed, incorporating a loss rate based lightweight congestion control mechanism, to regulate the data traffic injected into the network so that the reliability requirement can be satisfied. An equation based fair rate control algorithm is used to improve the fairness among the LTRES flows sharing the congestion path. The performance evaluations show that LTRES can provide LTR data transport service for multiple events with short convergence time, low lost rate and high overall bandwidth utilization.