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Effects of interactive, computer-based, CD -ROM instruction on improving psychomotor skill analysis ability of soccer skills

Kemal Makasci, University of Nebraska - Lincoln


The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of interactive, computer-based, CD-ROM instruction on improving the accuracy of qualitatively analyzing the following selected soccer skills: (a) thigh control, (b) shooting the ball with instep of the foot, and (c) heading the ball with a two-footed take-off in the air. Inexperienced subjects were 40 males and females between 19 and 40 years of age who had no previous soccer experience. They were randomly assigned to either a Conventional Group (n = 20) or an Experiment Group (n = 20). A 2 x 2 x 2 (Method x Time x Group) repeated measure ANOVA was used to analyze the data. The dependent variables were the scores on the number of correctly described and/or recalled verbal descriptions of each critical element for each of the three soccer skills, and the number of correctly analyzed visual discriminations for the critical elements during a pretest and posttest period for each of the three soccer skills. The intervention phase of the study was a CD-ROM training program for the Experiment Group; a two-week traditional instructional program was completed by subjects in the Conventional Group. The CD-ROM instruction included verbal description and visual discrimination tasks. Real-time speed motion, slow motion, and stop action of six critical elements and five major common errors for the three soccer skills from a variety of performances (inexperienced, intermediate, and experienced) were presented on a computer. Traditional instruction included a listing of biomechanical principles presented to subjects. Results indicated that the CD-ROM training was more effective than traditional instruction on both the verbal description task and the visual discrimination task. The two training instructions were effective on the verbal description task, but CD-ROM instruction was significantly (p < .05) better than traditional instruction. No significant improvement on the visual discrimination task was found after receiving the traditional instruction while CD-ROM instruction was significantly improved in qualitatively analyzing the three soccer skills for the Experiment Group.* ^ *The dissertation includes a CD that is compound (contains both a paper copy and a CD as part of the dissertation). The CD is only compatible with Macintosh systems. A G3 or above Macintosh system is preferable.^

Subject Area

Education, Physical|Education, Teacher Training|Education, Technology of|Education, Curriculum and Instruction

Recommended Citation

Makasci, Kemal, "Effects of interactive, computer-based, CD -ROM instruction on improving psychomotor skill analysis ability of soccer skills" (2000). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI3010461.