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Minimum II

Jen-Kuang Chang, University of Nebraska - Lincoln


Minimum II consists of three main components, including the core component, a music score for thirty-two voices, and two secondary components, electronic renditions of the score and an accompanied motion graphic file. These three components are used to necessitate four presentation setups, including a score for acoustic ensemble, two stand-alone electronic tracks, a motion graphic disc, and an audiovisual disc, for the presentations of the work in various performance situations. The core component, a minimalistic music score, is a musical expansion based upon Minimum I, a four-part minimalistic work composed under the supervision of Dr. Tyler White and premiered by NEBratsche Viola Ensemble directed by Prof. Clark Potter. The new project features a complex mass of layers of voices, calling for thirty-two parts with flexible instrumentation gradually unfolding from the initial simplistic statement to the vigorous interactions in the later part of the work. The length of the project is approximately thirty minutes. Two electronic versions of the work were created using the score’s unedited MIDI rendering from Finale notation software as the primary data. A custom MAX/MSP patch specifically designed for this project was utilized for its musical enhancements such as additive and subtractive arpeggios, timbre variations, and doublings. MIDI effects were added to each individual voice and the mix-down versions were created from multi-track project files consisting of all thirty-two voices, using custom patches created with Native Instrument’s Reaktor, MAX/MSP, PureData, and other software synthesizers. By using Adobe’s Premiere Pro CS3 and After Effect CS3, animation movements were synchronized with the progressive steps demonstrated in the music score. The click-track for the conductor was added to the finalized version to be used with live instruments to enhance the accuracy of synchronization. Additionally, this component was intended to serve as the visual counterpart for both the performance with live instruments and the stand-alone audiovisual work.^

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Chang, Jen-Kuang, "Minimum II" (2010). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI3398299.