Off-campus UNL users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your NU ID and password. When you are done browsing please remember to return to this page and log out.

Non-UNL users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Small interfering RNA-mediated translation repression alters ribosome sensitivity to inhibition by cycloheximide in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Xinrong Ma, University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Abstract

RNA interference (RNAi) is an evolutionarily conserved gene silencing mechanism in eukaryotes, with regulatory roles in a variety of biological processes, including cell cycle, cell differentiation, physiological and metabolic pathways, and stress responses. RNAi can function by transcriptional silencing, mRNA target cleavage, translation repression and/or DNA elimination. In this study, we used the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a model system to study RNAi-mediated translation repression. We demonstrated that small RNAs (sRNAs) generated from exogenously introduced inverted repeat transgenes, with perfect complementarity to the 3'UTR of a target transcript, can inhibit protein synthesis, without or with only minimal mRNA destabilization. In addition, there are no changes in the polyadenylation status of sRNA-repressed transcripts. Moreover, the translationally repressed mRNAs remain associated with polyribosomes, suggesting that sRNA-mediated silencing occurs at a post-initiation step of translation. Intriguingly, we consistently observed reduced sensitivity of the ribosomes associated with these repressed transcripts to inhibition by antibiotics such as cycloheximide, both in ribosome run-off assays and in in vivo experiments. Our results suggest that sRNA-mediated repression of protein synthesis in Chlamydomonas may involve alterations to the function/structural conformation of translating ribosomes. Additionally, since sRNA-mediated translation inhibition is now known to occur in a number of phylogenetically diverse eukaryotes, this mechanism may have been a feature of an ancestral RNAi machinery.^

Subject Area

Biology, General|Biology, Molecular|Biophysics, General

Recommended Citation

Ma, Xinrong, "Small interfering RNA-mediated translation repression alters ribosome sensitivity to inhibition by cycloheximide in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii" (2013). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI3558863.
http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/dissertations/AAI3558863

Share

COinS