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The influence of non -wage compensation on private -sector unionization in the United States
Private sector unionization has been declining in the United States for more than forty years. Traditional explanations for this decline fall into four major categories: (1) Structural shift in the economy; (2) Public policy substitution for union services; (3) Management opposition to unions; and (4) Weak organizing strategies on the part of unions. This dissertation examines the impact of the changing composition of employee compensation on unionization. Specifically, I investigate how unionization is affected by the ratio of non-wage pay to total compensation. Three different analyses are used: (1) Aggregate time series analysis of the national economy from 1948–1997; (2) Pooled cross-section, time series analysis of geographic variation in the effect across states from 1983–1996; and (3) Pooled cross-section, time series analysis of variation in the effect across industries from 1983–1996. In each case, a statistically significant negative relationship is uncovered between non-wage compensation as a percentage of total compensation and union density. ^
Edwards, Wayne Alan, "The influence of non -wage compensation on private -sector unionization in the United States" (2000). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI9967366.