Off-campus UNL users: To download campus access dissertations, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your NU ID and password. When you are done browsing please remember to return to this page and log out.

Non-UNL users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Introverts' and extraverts' responses to computer and face -to -face career counseling techniques

Elisabeth Ann Sundermeier, University of Nebraska - Lincoln


This study was developed in response to two perceived needs in the career counseling field: (1) to find ways to better serve very introverted and very extraverted college students in career counseling settings, and (2) to examine the usefulness of computerized guidance programs with certain types of clients. Using measures of career certainty, state anxiety, and client satisfaction as dependent variables, it was hypothesized that introverts would respond to face-to-face counseling less favorably than extraverts, and that extraverts would respond to computerized guidance techniques less favorably than introverts. To test the hypotheses, 113 college students from a large Midwestern university were randomly assigned to either a computerized or face-to-face condition. Results indicated that there were significant differences between introverts and extraverts in state anxiety levels, but no significant differences between the two groups in career certainty or client satisfaction. Qualitative information gathered by a post-treatment questionnaire provided some insight into the differences between extraverts' and introverts' responses to the two treatment conditions. ^

Subject Area

Education, Guidance and Counseling|Education, Educational Psychology|Education, Vocational

Recommended Citation

Sundermeier, Elisabeth Ann, "Introverts' and extraverts' responses to computer and face -to -face career counseling techniques" (2000). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI9977027.