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The effects of peer sexual harassment on high school girls and the moderating effects of mother attachment, father attachment, and school climate on grades, career decision -making self-efficacy, career aspirations, and a composite of negative school indicators

Thomas Robert Cardwell, University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Abstract

This research examined the association between peer sexual harassment of female high school juniors and seniors and their grade point average, a composite of negative school indicators that interfere with access to education, career aspirations, and career decision making self-efficacy. It also studied the moderating effect of mother attachment, father attachment, and school climate on the dependent variables. Two hundred and twenty four girls (2 sophomores, 12 freshmen, 99 juniors and 111 seniors) from four senior high schools in a medium sized mid-western city were surveyed. The participants were part of Psychology and English classes at the schools. Because the girls were minors, in order to participate in the research, they had to sign a consent form and obtain a written consent form from their parents or legal guardians. Approximately one third of the girls who were asked to participate in research were unable to, because they failed to return the parent consent forms. Many of the girls who did not participate expressed disappointment at not being able to complete the survey. None complained about the sexual content of the survey questions. Several parents expressed interest in the survey and asked to see the results once they were available. Three analyses were conducted to examine (1) the extent and type of peer sexual harassment, (2) the effect of peer sexual harassment on the dependent variables, and (3) whether there was a moderating effect of peer sexual harassment on the dependent variables by mother attachment, father attachment, and school climate. Additional analyses were also conducted on the four research hypotheses to examine whether the effect of peer sexual harassment on the dependent variables would be greater for more frequently harassed study participants. Additional analyses were also conducted to factor analyze questions concerning negative school related effects of peer sexual harassment. ^

Subject Area

Psychology, Social|Education, Educational Psychology|Psychology, Clinical

Recommended Citation

Cardwell, Thomas Robert, "The effects of peer sexual harassment on high school girls and the moderating effects of mother attachment, father attachment, and school climate on grades, career decision -making self-efficacy, career aspirations, and a composite of negative school indicators" (2000). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. AAI9984938.
http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/dissertations/AAI9984938

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