Educational Psychology, Department of

 

CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS OF PARENTAL AUTHORITY QUESTIONNAIRE: SES DIFFERENCES AMONG PAKISTANI ADOLESCENTS

Najia Zulfiqar, Educational Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Document Type Article

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Abstract

Buri developed and validated Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) using sample of Western children. The use of PAQ with non-Western samples demand attention to validate the construct of parenting compatible with cultural values. The objective of the present study was to verify the factor structure of PAQ-Urdu version via confirmatory factor analyses among low SES versus high SES Pakistani adolescents within their collectivist cultural context. In the theoretical background of Baumrind theory of parenting (1971), data were collected from low SES (n = 142) and high SES (n = 145) adolescents. Findings showed that both groups of samples lacked acceptable model fit with the data. After deletion of items and use of modification indices, model fit improved to acceptable level for both low and high SES adolescents. However, factor loading and item consistency remained poor for the low SES adolescents.