Electrical Engineering, Department of

 

Date of this Version

2009

Comments

Published in IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, 2009. ECCE 2009. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ECCE.2009.5316137. 978-1-4244-2893-9/09 ©2009 IEEE. used by permission.

Abstract

Wind turbine generators (WTGs) are usually equipped with mechanical sensors to measure wind speed and turbine shaft rotating speed for system monitoring, control, and protection. The use of these sensors increases the cost and hardware complexity and reduces the reliability of the WTG system. This paper proposes a novel real-time speed estimation algorithm for wind turbines equipped with doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs). In the proposed algorithm, both the wind and turbine shaft speeds are estimated from the measured DFIG output electrical power. The estimated speeds are then used to determine the maximum power point of the DFIG wind turbine. A P-Q decoupled control strategy is developed to continuously regulate the DFIG at the maximum power point without the need of using any wind or turbine shaft speed sensors.