Date of this Version
Pereira, Adriano E., Ana M. Velez, Lance J. Meinke, and Blair D. Siegfried. 2017. Sublethal effects of vATPase-A and Snf7 dsRNAs on biology of southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber. J. Econ. Entomol. doi: 10.1093/jee/tox263.
RNA interference is a powerful tool against corn rootworm. Adults and neonates of southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), were exposed to the LC50 of vATPase-A and Snf7 double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs), and the effects on female fecundity, egg viability, male fitness as measured by sperm viability and mating capacity, larval recovery along with dry weight, and instar determination 10 d after exposure to dsRNA, were determined. Significant reductions were observed for a number of parameters in dsRNA-exposed rootworms relative to control treatments. Female fecundity and larval recovery were significantly reduced after exposure to both dsRNAs. In addition, larval dry weight and recovery of 2nd and 3rd instars along with dry weight for 3rd instars were significantly reduced after neonate exposure to vATPase-A dsRNA. Neither dsRNA affected male capacity to mate or sperm viability after exposure to the respective LC50s. After 10 d of feeding on untreated corn roots, neonates that survived exposure for 2 d to the vATPase-A dsRNA LC50 exhibited lower dry weight than the control. There was significant gene knockdown in adult males and females after exposure for 5 d to LC50 of vATPase-A and Snf7 dsRNAs. The parameters are discussed in terms of fitness and possible outcomes after deployment of corn hybrids expressing dsRNAs.