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Biological assays were used to evaluate the effect of the insect growth regulator fenoxycarb (ethyl (2-p-phenoxyphenoxy) ethyl carbamate) on production of queen-derived dealation inhibitory pheromone and the queen recognition pheromone of Solenopsis invicta Buren. Treated virgin and mated queens weighed less and were less capable of inhibiting dealation by female alates than were nontreated controls. Virgin queens that gained weight during the experimental trials produced more dealation inhibitory pheromone and more queen recognition pheromone than virgin queens that lost weight. Treated virgin queens with fenoxycarb-induced ovary dysfunction inhibited de alation in proportionally fewer alates than treated virgin queens of similar weight that possessed functional ovaries. However, complete ovarian dysfunction in fenoxycarb-treated virgin queens was not associated with reduced quantities of queen recognition pheromone in queen poison sacs. These data support the views that nutritional as well as endocrine factors regulate queen pheromone release and that dissemination of both queen pheromone components is a function of oviposition rate.