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Alfalfa is the most important forage crop in Nebraska. it is wisely adapted, energy efficient and produces the most protein yield per acre. It is used widely for local livestock feed and its importance as a cash crop is growing rapidly. With good management, Nebraska producers can attain good alfalfa yields and high quality in either irrigated or dryland production systems.
In Nebraska the diseases that most affect forage yields, forage quality and stand persistence are crown and root rots, phytophthora root rot, anthracnose, spring black stem, summer black stem and common leaf spot. Each will be discussed briefly in this publication.