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This study critically examined the effectiveness of agriculture research information system in Nigeria. Three Universities of Agriculture: The University of Agriculture Abeokuta (UAA), the University of Agriculture Makurdi and the University of Agriculture Umudike (UAU) in addition to three agricultural research institution. National Root Research Institutes (NRCRI), National Agriculture Extension and Liaison Services (NAERLS) and the institute of Agriculture Research and Training (IARST) were used for the study. A combination of document analysis and structural interview were used as instruments for data collection. Our findings indicate that success in agricultural production hinges on the adequacy of information communication and dissemination systems and in this regard, the agriculture research information system Nigeria is deficient. The paper recommended that more proactive and aggression selective dissemination of information should be pursued and a restructuring of research organization, one that would commit resources in an improved information system as well as a high quality and motivated research staff